Avocado

Avocado

Avocados are large trees, requiring spacing of 25′ or more. They are beautiful trees, providing cool shade and abundant fruit. There are many varieties to choose from (see list below), and with three or four varieties one can harvest fruit most of the year. Avocados grow well on most soils provided they are given excellent drainage. Good drainage is essential to their health. Without proper drainage, the trees will succumb to phytophora (avocado root-rot) and decline. Avocados can be grown with good success up to over 4000′ elevation. They prefer slightly alkaline soil (give them dolomite or crushed coral at planting) and respond well to a balanced fertilizer at regular intervals. They thrive with organic fertilizers and mulching.
Harvest most varieties when the skin turns from a shiny gloss to a dull mat color. Each variety has a season when the fruit is ripe, although all varieties flower in the winter.
Some recommended varieties which are all delicious with excellent flavor and smooth texture are: